“ProPrio” – 1 DOF master deviceDeveloped by: Neuromuscular Control Laboratory
Operational since: 1980
The ProPrio manipulator is one of the first of its kind, operational since 1980. A force-controlled haptic manipulator even before the term haptics was commonly used. The manipulator consist of a 1 degree-of-freedom (1-DoF) hydraulic actuator with hydrostatic bearings, which guarantees very smooth operation. It has been used to assess postural maintenance and voluntary motion.